Years 7 and 8
The ‘core and elective’ pattern becomes almost universal in Year 9. The ‘core’ is what everyone continues to study: English, mathematics, science, the humanities, and health and physical education. About a quarter of each student’s time is then available for elective subjects, which range from art and music to human movement, information technology, woodwork and home economics. Year 9 marks the transition into adolescence for most students. A growing number of schools now treat it as a year in which students need to develop self-reliance and self-discipline through special programs that remove students from the standard school campus to an isolated environment.
Once the end of schooling for many young people, Year 10 is now seen as a preliminary VCE year, with more choice in the curriculum and the option of taking VCE and VET units. Not all students choose to start VCE or VET units a year early. Many ensure that they get all the right background work done before their senior secondary years.
Years 11 and 12
There are two senior secondary certificates in Victoria: the Victorian Certificate of Education (VCE) and the Victorian Certificate of Applied Learning (VCAL). An alternative to these certificates is the International Baccalaureate (IB).
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